Carpet Information

· Proivde Warmth and Comfort
Carpet provides actual thermal resistance, or R-value.  In colder climates or seasons, it retains warm air longer, an energy conservation benefit.  Carpet also provides a comfortable place to sit, play or work and gives a room an overall warmer feeling.


· Adds Beauty and Style
You can choose from many thousands of carpet styles and colors.  That means your ultimate choice will reflect how you want to personalize your living space.  Carpet can be a neutral foundation, or it can be a focal point with vibrant colors and stronger bolder patterns and textures. 

· Softens Slips and Falls
Carpet is ideal for cushioning our footsteps, reducing slips and falls and minimizing injuries when falls do occur. Carpet provides safety protection for the whole family, but especially for toddlers and older individuals.

· Reduces Noise
Big screen TVs, speaker phones, computers and modern sound systems make our homes noisy places. Carpet helps absorb these sounds. Adding a cushion pad beneath your carpet reduces noise even further.  Carpet also works as a sound barrier between floors by helping to block sound transmission to rooms below.  And carpet on stairs helps mask the sound of constant foot traffic.

· Wears Well
Carpet will maintain its life and beauty for many years when properly cleaned and maintained.  Learn to keep your carpet looking great over time by regular preventative maintenance, vacuuming, professional cleaning, and spot and stain removal.

[source: the carpet and rug institute]

  • Carpet Types
  • Carpet Fibers
  • Colors
  • Cushion

 

carpet cut pile

Cut Pile:  Still one of today's most popular constructions, cut pile achieves its durability through the type of fiber used, density of tufts and the amount of twist in the yarn.  Highly twisted yarn will hold its shape longer, making it a smart choice for high-traffic areas.

  • Textured Plush — Most decoratively versatile.  Textured surfaces help hide footprints and vacuum marks.  Add causal beauty to any room.  Preferred style for busy households.  A great “whole-house” carpet.
  • Saxony — Refined surface. Works well with traditional interiors.  Ideal for living and dining rooms.
  • Friezé — Forms a "curly" textured surface because yarns are extremely twisted.  Has an informal look.  Helps minimize footprints and vacuum marks.
  • Plush (Velvet) — Has a dense luxurious feel.  Shows footprints and vacuum marks easily. Best for low traffic areas and formal rooms.

 

loop pile

Level Loop Pile:  Here loops are the same height, creating an informal look.  This style generally lasts a long time in high-traffic areas.  Many of today’s popular Berber styles are level loop styles with flecks of a darker color on a lighter background.  This is a good choice for contemporary to cottage furnishings.

 

carpet patterned loop

Multi-Level Loop Pile:  This style usually has two to three different loop heights to create pattern effects, providing good durability and a more casual look.

 

carpet cut and loop

Cut-Loop Pile:  This carpet style combines cut and looped yarns.  It provides variety of surface textures, including sculptured effects of squares, chevrons and swirls. The multicolor effects hide soil and stains.

Fiber selection affects carpet end use performance. Manufacturers are a valuable resource in determining the fiber and construction most appropriate to the application. These are the basic types of carpet pile fibers.

Nylon:  Nylon features include the ability to produce a variety of color schemes, luxurious soft “hand”, excellent resiliency, durability, abrasion resistance and texture retention. Other features include good resistance to stains and soils. Nylon is considered to be suitable for all types of traffic. Solution dyed nylon provides excellent color fastness and increases stain cleanability.

Olefin (polypropylene):  Olefin features include its inherent and permanent resistance to water-based stains, its colorfastness and resistance to static electricity. Olefin is resistant to moisture, making it the primary fiber used in indoor/outdoor carpet.

Polyester:  Polyester features include its luxurious soft “hand’, inherent and permanent stain resistance, and ability to produce bright colors. Other features include good abrasion resistance, fade resistance, and cleanability. Triexta is a sub-class of traditional polyester. It features include its luxurious soft “hand”, excellent colorfastness and bright colors, inherent and permanent stain resistance. Other features include durability, resistance to fading, cleanability, texture retention and resiliency.

Wool:  Wool is a natural fiber noted for its luxury and performance. Its features include soft “hand”, high bulk, color variety and inherent flame retardant characteristics.

carpet colorsAs it covers so much living space, carpet is the foundation of your room’s décor. It can be a neutral color, blending in with fabrics and other surfaces, or it can be a vibrant focal point of the room, making a statement that reflects your style.

Carpet comes in almost every color you can imagine and is a personal choice. You will want to select a color that unites your decorative elements and creates the atmosphere you desire. Ever-popular beige carpet can make a room look spacious, but for a bolder statement, look for a common color in your furniture and draperies. Choose a carpet with a similar hue. Environmental colors, like blues, deep greens, rosy quartz and stony neutrals are becoming increasingly popular.

Warm colors can turn up the heat in a room that lacks light, while cool greens and blues have a calming effect. Lighter colors make the room seem larger; darker colors provide coziness. There are also practical considerations in color selection. New stain and soil resistant technology makes today's lighter color carpet much easier to clean, allowing for more decorating options. Medium and darker colors, tweeds and textures are good at hiding soil in your home's high-traffic areas.

Also, know that the color of your carpet will look different under different lighting conditions. Make sure to take your samples home and look at them by daylight and by lamplight.

carpet cushionA firm and resilient carpet cushion is necessary to form a good foundation for your carpet, increasing its comfort and extending its life by acting as a shock absorber when someone walks on the carpet. The cushion, or pad, helps buffer sound and provides increased insulation, making a room quieter and warmer.

When selecting cushion, check the carpet manufacturer's requirements for thickness and density. Improper selection of carpet cushion can negatively affect carpet appearance, cause wrinkling and buckling, cause separation of the carpet seams and can cause a breakdown of the carpet structure itself.  Improper cushion selection also may void any applicable carpet manufacturer's warranties. A general rule of thumb for most residential carpet applications is to choose cushion no more than 7/16 inch thick and no less than 1/4 inch with 6 pounds per cubic feet density.  If the carpet is a Berber or a low profile carpet, choose a cushion no more than 3/8 inch thick with 8 pounds density.

Carpet cushion is made primarily from polyurethane foam, fiber or rubber and is available in a variety of styles and constructions to fit your needs.  The type and thickness of cushion you need varies according to traffic levels and patterns.  For example, bedrooms, dens, lounge areas and other rooms with light or moderate traffic can use thicker and softer cushion, while living rooms, family rooms, hallways, stairs and other heavy traffic areas require thinner, firmer cushion.